Non-milk based coffee
1. Short Black
The short black is the foundation of any espresso drink. The term ‘short’ refers to the fact that this is simply an espresso shot, no extra water is added apart from what is used to brew the coffee. Black of course comes from the colour of the drink due to the fact that there is no milk added.
A short black is a 30ml shot of espresso served in a demitasse cup, and a good/fresh short black will have a thick golden crema on top. This is of course the basis for almost all espresso coffees.
2. Long Black / Caffe Americano
A long black is usually served in a taller glass or mug, this is based on a 30ml shot of espresso. Hot water is then added to this and served black. The term ‘long’ here refers to the fact that the volume has been increased by adding hot water. For larger drinks a double shot of espresso may be used to maintain the ratio of water to coffee.
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